USAHATANI PADI SAWAH DAN PEMASARAN BENIH PADI SAWAH VARIETAS UNGGUL DI KABUPATEN BARITO TIMUR

Arasmanjaya Arasmanjaya, A.R. Awang, Said Masduki, Eri Yusnita Arvianti

Abstract


A study that was aimed to elucidate cost, revenue, profit and feasibility of farming local and high yield rice varieties, production factors affecting production of local and high yield rice varieties, and efficiency of production factors and return to scale of rice farming was conducted at Bambulung Village, Pematang Karau District of Barito Timur Regency. All rice farmers at the village was divided into two groups, i.e. farmers using local variety and farmers using high yielding variety of IR66. Production factors analyzed were land, labour, seed, urea fertilizer, SP36 fertilizer, KCl fertilizer and pesticide. Results showed that farming either local or high yielding rice varietis was profitable and feasible to be carried out. Profit made by farming high yielding rice variety was 36% greater than that of local variety. For high yielding variety, variation of production factors contributed 69,1% to variation of rice production, while variation of production factor for local variety contributed 81,8% to variation of rice production. Dominant production factors affecting production of high yielding rive variety were land and urea fertilizer, while those of local variety were land, labour and seed. All production factors of farming high yielding rice variety were not sufficiently applied and needed to be increased to achieve an efficient production level. Similarly for local variety except that SP36 that was already excessively used and need to be reduced to achieved an efficient production level. Production process of either local or high yielding rice variety farming was at increasing return to scale

Keywords


cost, revenue, protif, rice roduction factors, marketing

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33366/bs.v6i1.88

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