Ester Ruchama Jella, Agus Suryanto, Lilik Setyobudi


Sub-optimal environment condition and the use of low-quality seed tubers is a constraint to increase the yield of potato tubers. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of the various applications of mulch and seed tuber G2, G3, local on growth and yield of potato tubers, as well as to temperature and soil moisture. The research was conducted in June-December, 2013 in the highlands (2232.66 m asl) in Village Ranupani, District Senduro, Lumajang, East Java Province. A randomized block design was used with a combination of treatments: without mulch (tm), black plastic mulch silver (mphp), blue plastic mulch (mpb), Chromolaena odorata mulch (mCo) and the mother bulb G2, G3, local. There are 12 combinations of treatment was repeated 3 times. The combination of these treatments consist of: tm+G2, mphp+G2, mpb+G2, mCo+G2, tm+G3, mphp+G3, mpb+G3, mCo+G3, tm+local, mphp+local, mpb+local, mCo+local. Data were analyzed using the F test with a level of 5%. If a significantly different among treatment followed by LSD test 5%. The results showed the use mphp on local seed tubers are able to provide growth and potato tubers yield optimum is 641.76 g plant-1 ( 21.39 t ha-1) compared to other treatments, but the tuber yield did not differ significantly with the use mpb in seed tubers G2.


mulch,the mother bulb, potato

Full Text:



Badan Pusat Statistik. 2013. Luas Panen, Produk-si, dan Produktivitas Kentang2009-2013.http:-//www.bps.go.id Badan Pusat Statistik. 2014. Produksi Tanaman Sayuran (Kentang) 2010-2014 http://www.bps.go.id

Basuki, N, A. Suryanto, M.D. Maghfoer, Koesri harti, N. Aini dan Rosilawati.1993. Upaya Pe-ningkatan Produksi Tanaman Kentang (Sola-num tuberosum L.) Berwawasan Lingkungan. Lap. Penelitian PSLH. UNIBRAW. Malang. 50 h. Bing Tang, J, N. Jenkins, C.E Watson, C.C Mc.Carty and R.G Creesch. 1996. Evaluation of Genetic Variances, Heritabilitas and Correlation for Yield and Fiber Traits Among Co-tton F2 Hy-brid Population. Euphytica. 91:315-322 El-Zohiri S.S.M. and M. M. Samy. 2013. Influ-ence of colored plastic mulches on a:-germination, growth and marketable yield of po-tato. J. Product. & Dev., Potato and Vegetatively Propagated Vegetables Dep., Hort. Res., Inst., A.R.C., Egypt. 18(3):405. Krauss, A and H. Marschner. 1984. Growth rate and carbohydrate metabolism of potato tu-bers explored to high temperature. Potash. Res. 27:297-303.

LuisI.J., L.S Ricardo and A. V. A. Luishttp://www.researchgate.net/publication/232840439Colored_plastic_mulches_affect_soil_temperature_and_tuberproduction_of_potato [accessed Apr 13, 2015]. Mahmood, M., K. Farroq, A. Hussain, R. Sher. 2002. Effect of mulching on growth and yield of potato crop. Asian J. of Plant Sci. 1(2):122-133. Midmore, D. J. 1984. Potato (Solanum tubero-sum. L) in The Hot Tropics. I. Soil Temperature Efects on Emergence, Plant Development and Yield. Field Crop. Res. 8: 25–27.

Odjugo P. A. O. 2007. The effect of tillage sys-tem and mulching on soil microclimate, growth and yield of white yam (Dioscorea rotundata) in Midwestern Nigereia. J. of food, Agric. & Environ 5 (2):164-169.Rukmana, R. 2002. Usaha Tani Kentang Sistem Mulsa Plastik. Kanisius. Yogyakarta. 44 hal. Samadi B. 2007. Kentang dan Analisis Usaha tani Kentang. Kanisius. Yogyakarta. hal. 50-60 Sunaryono, H. 2007. Petunjuk Praktis Budidaya Kentang. AgroMedia Pustaka, Jakarta. hal. 44 Timlin, D., S.M.L. Rahman, J. Baker, V.R Reddy, D. Feisher, and B. Quebedeaux. 2006. Whole plant photosynthesis, development, and car-bon partitioning in potato as a function of temperature. Agron. J. 98(5):1195-1203. Tinambunan E, Setyobudi L, Suryanto A. 2014. Penggunaan Beberapa Jenis Mulsa terhadap Produksi Baby Wortel (Daucus carota L.) Varie-tas Hibrida. J. Produksi Tanaman, 2 (1) 24:25-30 Wang, X. Q., S. X. Li and Y. J. Gao. (1998), Effect of plastic film mulching on ecophysiology and yield of spring maize on arid lands. Acta Agro-nomica Sinica, 24, 348-353. Wattimena, G.A. 2000. Pengembangan Pro-pagul Kentang Bermutu dan Kultivar Kentang Unggul dalam Mendukung Peningkatan Pro-duksi Kentang di Indonesia. Orasi Ilmiah Guru Besar Tetap Ilmu Hortikultura, Fakultas Per-tanian IPB, 2 September 2000. IPB Bogor.

Zhao H., Y. C.Xiong., F Min Li ., R. Y Wang., S.C Qiang.,T. F Yao., and F Mo. 2012. Plastic film mulch for half growing-season maxi-mized WUE and yield of potato via moisture temperature improvement in a semi-arid agro-ecosystem. J. Agricultural Water Mana-gement 104: 68–78.

Abstract - Print this article - Indexing metadata - How to cite item - Finding References - Email this article (Login required) - Email the author (Login required)


  • There are currently no refbacks.