ANALISA RESIDU PESTISIDA DI WILAYAH MALANG DAN PENANGGULANGANYA UNTUK KEAMANAN PANGAN BUAH JERUK

Astri Sumiati, Reza Prakoso Dwi Julianto

Abstract


The use of pesticides is widely used in the production of citrus fruits for protection before and after harvest. The use of pesticides on a broad scale can pollute the environment and leave residues in plants and in plants such as fruit leaves and tubers. A survey was conducted to evaluate the level of pesticide residues in citrus fruits. The survey method is carried out by recording pesticide use by farmers and traders. The survey will be conducted in Dau, Batu and Poncokusumo Districts, Malang Regency by interviewing 10 farmers and 10 orange traders in each District. The Gas Cromatography method was carried out to measure the levels of pesticide residues tested at the Angler Biochemlab Laboratory, Surabaya. Descriptive analysis was used to analyze the levels of pesticide residues in citrus fruits then compared to the Maximum Residue Limit (BMR) through SNI 7313: 2008 quality standards on agricultural products. The residue levels of profenofos in farmer samples were found to be higher at 0.108 ppm compared to the sample from traders, namely 0.050 ppm at the Tegalweru village research site. In addition, traders in the village of Poncokusumo knew the imidaclroripid content was close to the maximum threshold of 0.040 ppm in farmer samples and 0.010 ppm in the merchant sample. Decreased levels of pesticide residues on food can be done with several approaches, namely physically and chemically. Reduction of pesticide residues in agricultural products can be done in several ways including by washing products with running water for several times or can also be done by soaking in water for one hour


Keywords


Pesticide residues; citrus fruits; surveys; Malang; gas cromatography

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmed, A., Randhawa, M. A., Yusuf, M. J., Khalid, N. (2011) Effect of processing on pesticide residues in food crops - A Review, Journal of Agricultural Research, 49, 379 – 390. Balingtan (2013) Teknologi menurunkan residu pestisida di lahan pertanian, http://balingtan.litbang.pertanian.go.id / ind/index.php/berita/138teknologimenurunkan-residu-pestisidadi-lahanpertanian, diakses tanggal 6 Agustus 2016. Badrudin, U., dan Jazilah, S. (2013) Analisis residu pestisida pada tanaman bawang merah (Allium ascalonicum L.) di Kabupaten Brebes, Jurnal Ilmu Pengetahuan dan Teknologi, 24 (1), 75 – 86. Bonnechère, A., Hanot, V., Jolie, R., Hendrickx, M., Bragard, C., Bedoret, T., Loco, J. V. (2012) Processing factors of several pesticides and degradation products in carrots by household and industrial processing, Journal of Food Research, 1 (3), 68 – 83. Chavarri, M. J., Herrera, A., Arino, A. (2005) The decrease in pesticides in fruit and vegetables during commercial processsing, International Journal of Food Science and Technology, 40, 205 – 211. Chen, C., Qian, Y., Chen, Q., Tao, C., Li, C., & Li, Y. (2011). Evaluation of pesticide residues in fruits and vegetables from Xiamen, China. Food Control, 22(7),

1114-1120.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j. foodcont.2011.01.007. Fernandez M, Pico Y, Man es J. 2001. Pesticide residues in oranges from Valencia (Spain). Food Additives and Contaminants 18:615–624. Hasibuan R. 2015. Insektisida Organik Sintetik dan Biorasional. Bandar Lampung: Plantaxia. hlm. 8-72. Indraningsih. 2008. Pengaruh Penggunaan Insektisida Karbamat terhadap Kesehatan Ternak dan Produknya. Wartazoa Vol. 18 No. 2 Tahun 2008: 101-114. Miskiyah dan Munarso, S. J. (2009) Kontaminasi residu pestisida pada cabai merah, selada, dan bawang merah (Studi Kasus di Bandungan dan Brebes Jawa Tengah serta Cianjur Jawa Barat), J. Hort., 19(1), 101 – 111. Satpathy, G., Tyagi, Y. K., Gupta, R. K., (2012) Removal of organophosphorus (OP) pesticide residues from vegetables using washing solutions and boiling, Journal of Agricultural Science, 4(2), 69 – 78.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33366/bs.v18i2.1185

Article metrics

Abstract views : 12 | views : 1

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Astri Sumiati, Reza Prakoso Dwi Julianto

Plagiarism Check and indexed by:


Universitas Tribhuwana Tunggadewi © 2017