Kurnia Idawati, Nurul Fitriani, Eka Yuniar Ernawati


Learning a foreign language, in this case English, usually means learning to speak in that language while understanding it. Therefore, language learning always involves two elements, namely comprehension and production. Both elements are closely related to the study of language learning performance, especially in foreign language learning. Related to that, a quantitative research was conducted over 33 learners of English in order to find out the extent to which the learners understood the structure of simple English sentences related to their ability to produce English sentences. Research data was obtained through 2 kinds of tests. The data about comprehension was in the form of true or false cloze-test of totaling 50 simple sentences with the argument structures. While the data of production was in the form of written tests of simple sentence constructions based on pictures and instructions about the pictures. Both of the tests used a number of verbs most commonly remembered by the students of English Department, Darma Persada University. The result of the research showed that their comprehension level was 65.64% with a variation in the distribution score between them was 8.79, and their production was 28.36% with a standard deviation of production of 17.37. The gap between the level of comprehension and the level of production was relatively large which means that the average production competency of the subjects was below their comprehension competency.


comprehension; production; sentence structures; competence.

Full Text:



Brown, H. D. 2000. Principles of Language Learning and Teaching, Fourth Edition. Addison Wesley Longman, Inc. Pearson Education, 10 Bank Street, White Plains, NY 10606

Chater, N., McCauley, S. M., & Christiansen, M. H. 2016. Language as skill: Intertwining comprehension and production. Journal of Memory and Language, 89, 244–254.

Gathercole, S. E. 1988. Phonological memory deficits in language disordered children: Is there a causal connection?. Journal Memory and Language. Volume 29, Issue 3, June 1990, Pages 336-360.

Haider, G. 2012. An insight into difficulties faced by Pakistani student writers: Implications for teaching of writing. Journal of Educational and Social Research, 2(3),17–27

Hendriks, P., & Spenader, J. 2005. When Production Precedes Comprehension: an Optimization Approach to the Acquisition of Pronouns. Language Acquisition. 0106/803-HENDRIKS-0-0.PDF

Hendriks, P. 2008. A unified explanation for production/ comprehension asymmetries. In: A.Gavarró Algueró & M. J. Freitas (Eds.), Proceedings of GALA 2007. Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, pp. 240-251.

Hyland, K. 2003. Second language Writing. Ernst Klett Sprachen.

Jannah, U. L., & Susanti, I. (2019). Kemampuan Bertanya dan Keahlian Membaca: Kajian pada Mahasiswa Non-Bahasa Inggris Universitas Islam Lamongan. Inteligensi: Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan, 2(1), 1-8.

Kim, M., & Thompson, C.K. 2000. Patterns of Comprehension and Production of Nouns and Verbs in Agrammatism: Implication for Lexical Organization. Department of Communication Sciences and Disorder, 2299 N. Campus Drive, Northwestern University, Evanstone, IL 60208-3540.

Nik, Y. A., Hamzah, A., & Rafidee, H. 2010. A comparative study on the factors affecting the writing performance among Bachelor students. International Journal of Educational Research and Technology,1(1), 54–59.

Quintero, L. M. (2008). Blogging: A way to foster EFL writing. Colombian Applied Linguistics Journal, 10 (1), 7–49.

Ringbom, H. 2007. On Relation between Second Language Comprehension and Production.

Solikhah, I. 2017. Corrections on grammar, sentence variety and developing detail to qualify academic essay of Indonesian learners. Jurnal Dinamika Ilmu Vol. 17 No. 1, 2017 P-ISSN: 1411-3031; E-ISSN: 2442-9651 doi:

Tasseva-Kurkchieva, M. 2008. What about Grammar? Comprehension and Production at the Initial Stage of L2 Acquisition. Proceedings of the 9th Generative Approaches to Second Language Acquisition Conference (GASLA 2007), ed. Roumyana Slabakova et al., 242-250. Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Proceedings Project.

Thompson, C. K. Lewis P., Shapiro, L. L & Lee Schendel. 1995. Analysis of Verbs and Verb-Argument Structure: A Method for Quantification of Aphasic Language Production. Journal of Clinical Aphasiology, Vol. 23, 1995, pp. 121-140.

DOI: | Viewed : 478 | Download : 772
Abstract - Print this article - Indexing metadata - How to cite item - Finding References Review policy - Email this article (Login required) - Email the author (Login required)


  • There are currently no refbacks.